Page 5 - Description and Evaluation of a Canine Volunteer Blood Donor Program
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CANINE VOLUNTEER BLOOD DONOR PROGRAM 133

1. Having inadequate venous access (n = 3).
2. Leaving blood drives prior to phlebotomy (n = 2).
3. Lacking ability to obtain consent (n = 1).
4. Being uncooperative (n = 4).
5. Testing seropositive for blood-borne pathogens, including E. canis (n = 3)

and E. platys (n = 1). Of the 84 donors, 45 (54%) were DEA 1.1 positive,
and the remaining 39 (46%) were DEA 1.1 negative. A wide variety of dogs
was represented in the donor pool, with no predominance of a single breed.

The 84 donors were responsible for 143 donations. Of the 84 donors, 29 (35%)
were repeat donors, with a maximum of five donations from one animal. Donors
were encouraged to donate as frequently as once every 6 to 8 weeks if they
wished to do so, although most repeat donors donated approximately once every
3 months. Although the majority of donors were from the local community,
some families drove as long as 4 hr to bring their pets in to donate blood.

Table 1 compares our donor complications with those reported by human donor
programs (Hillyer, Silberstein, Ness, & Anderson, 2003). Although no
life-threatening, adverse events were reported, the most common complications
were the following:

1. Acute donor reactions (n = 4).
2. Rebleeding from the phlebotomy site (n = 3).
3. Hematoma formation (n = 6).
4. Skin irritation (n = 1).

Acute donor reactions were treated with fluids (3 IV, 1 PO). No lasting adverse
effects were reported.

The total cost of a single donation is outlined in Table 2. The total cost of donor
enrollment at the time of the study was approximately $220 per dog. More than

TABLE 1
Donation Complication Rates for Our Donor Program Compared With Human Blood Donor

Programs

Complication Human Programsa Our Programb

Acute donor reaction 2% to 3% 4 (2.8%)
Bruising 9% to 16% follow-up Not reported
Rebleeding
Hematoma Not reported 3 (2.1%)
0.3% immediate 6 (4.2%)
Skin irritation 0.05% follow-up
1 (0.7%)
0.50%

aEstimated; from Hillyer, Silberstein, Ness, and Anderson (2003). bn =143.
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